Taxonomic Study of the Genus Quercus (Fagaceae)
Dra. Silvia Romero Rangel
23 species of Quercus are recorded within the State of
Mexico, 10 of them belong to the subgenera Leucobalanus and 13 to
Erythrobalanus. There are 15 species endemic to Mexico, seven of them are
distributed up to Central America and only one is found at North America.
Vegetation types where they grow include pine-oak forest (Pinus-Quercus),
cloud forest, tropical deciduous forest, xerophitic scrub and grassland and
are distributed within the altitudinal range of 750 and 3500 meters above
sea level. Flowering in most of the species occurs from January to June,
fructifying from June to December. Species descriptions as well as data
regarding types, synonyms, common names, uses, phenology, altitude, habitat
and geographical distribution are presented.
Projects supported by Conabio