International Expert Workshop on CITES Non-Detriment Findings
Cancun, Mexico, November 17th to 22nd, 2008
Goal and Objectives
Background Information
Workshop Structure
Workshop Results
Workshop Images
Site Map


Workshop Results

Workshop Main Documents
First-day Plenary Presentations
Working Groups and Case Studies

Workshop Main Documents

* NDF Workshop Doc. 1 – NDF Expert Workshops Document (November 10th 2008)
* NDF Workshop Doc. 2 – Working Groups Co-chairs Guidelines and Output Format (November 10th 2008)
* NDF Workshop Doc. 3 – Format for Case Studies Elaboration (May 23rd 2008)
* NDF Workshop Doc. 3.1 – Formato para Casos de Estudio (30Jun08)

First-day Plenary Presentations

Workshop began with four plenary presentations in order to standardize concepts and provide participants with the most relevant aspects of NDFs. These documents and presentations can be consulted through the links in the following table.


Heloderma suspectumAmbystoma mexicanumLynx rufus





CITES Non-Detriment Findings in context

David Morgan
(CITES Secretariat)



CITES – IUCN Checklist: example of a means to assist in making NDFs

Alison Rosser
(Durrell Institute for Conservation of Nature)



Harvesting theory: relevance to Non-Detriment Findings

Nigel Leader-Williams
(Durrell Institute for Conservation of Nature)



Resource Assessment Methods for medicinal and aromatic plants

Uwe Shippmann
(Bundesamt fuer Naturschutz)



Working Groups and Case Studies

Nine Working Groups were in session for almost three days of the Workshop. They were established mainly based on life forms and taxonomy of species included in CITES Appendices, although different commodities currently in trade were also considered in this regard.

Working Groups focused on specific taxa and analyse taxon specific aspects of NDF formulation during discussions, taking Case Studies as a starting point. These allowed participants to share information, knowledge and experiences about the different paths by which Scientific Authorities formulate NDFs and different ways in which this could be achieved in the future. These case studies covered a great variety of plants and animals life forms.

Each Working Group had two co-chairs that were responsible for selecting and coordinating their own group case studies preparation, selecting experts (together with the Academic Subcommittee and the Steering Committee) and guiding discussions in order to produce results according to Workshop objectives.

Case Studies were presented by experts during the working group sessions and, on last two-days plenary sessions, each working group gave a brief presentation of results. They also produced a summary and full reports. All of these documents can be consulted following the links on  the table below.





Rafael María Navarro Cerrillo – Spain

James Grogan – USA



Greg Leach – Australia

Adrianne Sinclair – Canada, in coord. with Andrea White


Succulents and Cycads

John Donaldson – South Africa

Patricia Dávila – Mexico


Geophytes and Epiphytes

Noel McGough – United Kingdom

Beatrice Khayota – Kenya



Rodrigo Medellín – Mexico

Alisson Rosser – United Kingdom

Holly Dublin – IUCN-SSC, South Africa



Rod Hay – New Zeland

Phillip McGowan – United Kingdom


Reptiles and Amphibians

Peter Paul van Dijk – IUCN Turtle and Tortoises SG

Thomasina Oldfield – TRAFFIC Research and Analysis Program

Charlie Manolis – Wildlife Management International



Glenn Sant – TRAFFIC Global Marine Program Leader

Marcelo Vasconcelos - Brazil


Aquatic Invertebrates

Vincent Fleming – United Kingdom

Glynnis Roberts – USA

*Click on the WG name to access documents´ section for each.

"Activities post-workshop"

On November 22nd, the Steering Committee had a working session to produce a document on the NDF Workshop development and results. The final version was presented at the 18th meeting of the Plants Committee (PC18; Buenos Aires, Argentina, 17th-21st March 2009) and at the 24th meeting of the Animals Committee (AC24; Geneva, Switzerland, 20th-24th April 2009). The links to these documents are underneath the logos of each Committee.

18th Meeting of the Plants Committee
Buenos Aires (Argentina)
17 – 21 March 2009

General Guidelines (PC18 Doc. 14.1)
Specific Guidelines (PC18 Doc. 14.2)

At PC18 a working group (WG8) was established to address NDF Workshop documents (PC18 Doc. 14.1 y 14.2.
The working group generated a draft Resolution entitled "Non-detriment findings" (Annex).

Other documents related with the Workshop results were presented as well (TIMBER SPECIES AND PRUNUS AFRICANA PC18 WG9 Doc. 1, MEDICINAL PLANTS PC18 WG10 Doc. 1 and AGARWOOD-PRODUCING SPECIES PC18 WG11 Doc. 1) and new working groups were made for each issue (WG9, WG 10 and WG11 respectively).

The Plants Committee agreed to invite the Animals Committee to participate through designating two representatives in receiving feedback, because the Expert Workshop was a joint initiative of both Committees.

Two representatives from the Plants committee were elected to work until CoP15: Mexico (Mr. Benítez) and the Representative of Oceania (Mr. Leach). And two representatives of the animals committee should be elected in AC24.

The Plants Committee agreed to submit the recommendations included in the report of the WG8 to the Animals Committee (AC24 Doc. 9 Addendum).

24th Meeting of the Animals Committee
Geneva (Switzerland)
20 – 24 April 2009

General Guidelines (AC24 Doc. 9)
General Guidelines Addendum (AC24 Doc. 9 Addendum)
Specific Guidelines (AC24 Doc. 9.1)

During AC24, a working group (WG7) was established to deal with NDF Workshop documents including results from the PC18 (AC24 Doc. 9 Addendum).

The Animals Committee agreed to elaborate a questionnaire to be included in a Notification to the Parties to be sent by the Secretariat inviting comments on the proceedings of NDF Workshop. Two representatives from the Animals Committee were selected, Mr. Richard Bagine, regional representative of Africa and Ms. Zhou Zhihua from China. These Representatives, together with representatives of the Plants Committee, are to receive comments from the Parties, and integrate them to prepare a document for the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Doha, Qatar, March 2010).

Although AC24 WG7 took into account the Plants Committee draft Resolution, it could not reach consensus on the merits of a Resolution at this stage and, instead, drafted a set of decisions to take the work forward after CoP15 (Annex 2).

The Secretariat has sent the Notification to the Parties 2009/023 “Results of the International expert workshop on non-detriment findings” with information about the outcomes and the next actions regarding the NDF’s applicability, and it has attached a questionnaire to be fulfill by the Parties and send by September 1st 2009 to the Scientific Authority of Mexico (mail to:, copied to the Secretariat (mail to:

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